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A Comparative Study of Cognitive BehavioralTherapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Weight Reduction and Activity Increase inObese Individuals with Coronary Artery Disease


Fateme Dehghani-Arani*

Division of Plastic Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia

Correspondence to Author: Fateme Dehghani-Arani


Objectives : Obesity is a metabolic disorder and is often the cause of health problems such as cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this preliminary study was to compare the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) on activity and weight in obese people who have coronary artery disease (CAD).
Methods : The design of this semi-experimental research was a pre/post-test with a control group. The statistical population was composed of obese patients who simultaneously dealt with CAD and were referred to the BLIND Hospital in BLIND. 45 patients were selected using a convenience sampling method and were randomly assigned into three groups. The first group received CBT; The second one received MBCT; And the third group acted as a control group. Data was gathered
using the Baecke Habitual Physical Activity Questionnaire (BHPAQ) and by calculating the patient’s body mass index (BMI) in the pre-test, post-test, and follow-up. Data were analyzed using the mixed analysis of variance method.
Results : Results indicated a significant effect within-subject factors in BMI and activity in leisure time, but in between subject factors groups have significant differences only in activity in leisure time, so the CBT and MBCT groups received higher scores in this variable.
Conclusions : The results of this study show that CBT and MBCT can lead to weight reduction and an increase in physical activity in obese people suffering from cardiovascular disease by changing both their lifestyle and their thought processes.
Practical implications : Applying CBT and MBCT in medical protocols can improve health conditions in obese patients with cardiovascular problems.

Obesity, Coronary artery disease(CAD), Heart diseases, Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)


Fateme Dehghani-Arani. A Comparative Study of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy for Weight Reduction and Activity Increase in Obese Individuals with Coronary Artery Disease. World Journal of Clinical Surgery 2023.

Journal Info

  • Journal Name: World Journal of Clinical Surgery
  • Impact Factor: 2.709**
  • ISSN: 2766-6182
  • DOI: 10.52338/wjsurgy
  • Short Name: WJCSR
  • Acceptance rate: 55%
  • Volume: 6 (2024)
  • Submission to acceptance: 25 days
  • Acceptance to publication: 10 days


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